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Geographical Information


Mauritius is located on the south west of the Indian Ocean, in the Mascarene archipelago, at 160 km east from Reunion Island and 920 km east from Madagascar. It includes the main island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Saint Brandon and Agaléga.
Mauritius is a volcanic island of 1865 km², the coast 330 km long, is almost entirely encircled by coral reefs.

An enormous plateau forms part of the landscape reaching an altitude of 600 m, where you can find sub-tropical forests, rivers and waterfalls. The plateau has 3 chains of mountains with the highest peaks being Piton de la Rivière Noire (828 m), Pieter Both (823 m) and Le Pouce (812 m).In addition to the fine sand beaches and the blue lagoon, this paradisiacal island offers superb sugar cane fields gracefully bending to the ocean breeze.

Mauritius Island is more than a journey it is an encounter, allowing you to meet with a multi colored nation which reflects the African, Eastern and Western influences.

Take time and stroll down the colorful markets where Creole and Indian salesmen sell fragrant spices, medicinal herbs and silken saris. Indulge yourself in a gastronomic break and taste how the Indian, Chinese or Creole cuisine transform the tropical products – fruits, vegetables, fish and shellfish – into subtle and appetizing dishes that will linger in your memory.

Mauritius at a glance:
Mauritius is located in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, in the time zone GMT 4. The country has boundaries of 0 (km), and a coastline of 177 (km). Major urban areas: Port Louis, Cure pipe.
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Physical Features
Volcanic, central plateau
Cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Natural Resources
Arable land, fish
Land Use
Arable land: 49.02% permanent crops: 2.94% other: 48.04% (2005)